Why choose our Female Hormone Panel?
- Accuracy: our testing has been shown to be just as effective as testing done in most doctor’s offices
- Flexibility: at-home testing enables you to capture measurements from the comfort of your home to gain a comprehensive look at hormone levels without the headache of having to see a doctor
- Simplicity: collection is noninvasive and easy to use
- Convenience: samples can be conveniently collected from your home, office or other location. Requires no repeat clinic visits, and avoids the inconvenience of the 24-hour urine collection
- Hormonal Imbalance: Many women suffer from hormonal imbalance between estrogen to progesterone. Our panels can define the hormonal state providing specific insights for appropriate intervention to help improve the hormonal imbalance
The Female Hormone Panel can be helpful for people with:
- Irregular or painful periods
- Premenstrual syndrome (changes in mood, breast tenderness, water retention, uterine cramping, etc.)
- Low libido
- Facial hair growth
- Estradiol (Estrogens) –Estradiol is the most important form of estrogen. It plays a significant role in sexual development and is produced mainly by the ovaries. Testing of this hormone can help evaluate menstrual problems and evaluate progression of a pregnancy. It is important to know these levels if you are having trouble getting pregnant, are of child bearing age but are having abnormal or irregular menstrual cycles, have menopause symptoms, or have bleeding after menopause.
- Progesterone – Progesterone is made by a woman’s ovaries. Progesterone plays an important role in pregnancy. It helps make your uterus ready to support a fertilized egg. These levels vary during a woman’s menstrual cycle. The levels start out low, then increase after the ovaries release an egg. If you become pregnant, progesterone levels will continue to rise as your body gets ready to support a baby. If you do not become pregnant, your progesterone levels will go down and your menstrual cycle will begin. Progesterone levels in a pregnant woman are about 10 times higher than they are in a woman who is not pregnant.
- Luteinizing Hormone (LH)-This hormone helps control the menstrual cycle. It also triggers the release of an egg from the ovary, known as ovulation. LH levels quickly rise just before ovulation. Too much or too little LH can cause a variety of problems, including infertility. This test can also confirm the start of menopause or perimenopause.
- Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH)- For women, when you are having difficulty getting pregnant or are having irregular or no menstrual periods FSH levels are important to check. LH and FSH often are tested together because they work hand in hand with tracking ovulation, menopause, menstrual cycle, and infertility.
- Cortisol- Cortisol affects many organs in your body. It plays an important role in helping you respond to stress, fight infection, regulate blood sugar, and regulate metabolism function.
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Ovaries release hormones in a cyclical manner, which is referred to as the menstrual cycle. The average cycle is 26-30 days. The timing and pacing of hormone release is governed by FSH and LH hormones from the hypothalamus and pituitary glands in the brain. The two major classes of ovarian hormones released during the menstrual cycle are estrogens and progestogens, also known as the female steroid sex hormones. The major and most active estrogen released is estradiol, while the major progestogen is progesterone.
Estradiol and progesterone affect several organs involved in conception and pregnancy. These hormones also maintain a number of secondary sexual characteristics, such as reduced body hair, soft skin texture, a higher voice pitch, and release of certain pheromones.
Organs affected by estrogen and progesterone
The Uterus – Estradiol prepares the uterus for conception, produces a three to five-fold increase in the thickness of its lining, and also promotes uterine gland development. Progesterone causes the uterine lining to swell and increase mucus secretion. If conception does not occur, the uterine lining is shed, resulting in the menstrual flow.
Fallopian tubes – Sex hormones stimulate the Fallopian tubes to move the egg toward the uterus. The fallopian tubes also secrete fluids that nourish the egg and eventually the embryo when fertilization occurs.
Vagina – Estrogens promote the thickening of the vaginal lining and increase its secretions, which makes the lining more resistant to infections.
Breasts –During the menstrual cycle, excess estradiol causes breast swelling and tenderness.
Bones – In an adult female, estradiol and progesterone improve the use of calcium and magnesium into bone. This is why doctors often prescribe estrogen supplementation for menopausal women.
Kidney – Estrogens cause the body to retain sodium, which results in fluid retention. Progesterone causes a loss of excess sodium and retained fluid. Before a menstrual cycle begins, there may be excess of estrogen over progesterone, which can lead to some of the PMS-associated complaints.
Liver – Estradiol can stimulate liver proteins and can reduce thyroid hormone availability which could increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Estradiol also slows the process of liver detoxification from potentially harmful substances.
Other – Estradiol can elevate blood sugar. Progesterone can increase the appetite causing someone to overeat and could lead to weight gain.